Title: ====== Skype Account Service - Reset (Session) Password/Username Vulnerability Date: ===== 2012-11-16 References: =========== http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=720 MSRC ID: 13050[bc] News: http://news.softpedia.com/news/Skype-0Day-Vulnerability-Allowed-Hackers-to-Change-the-Password-of-Any-Account-Video-307672.shtml http://www.scmagazine.com.au/News/323271,skype-account-hijack-hole-patched.aspx VL-ID: ===== 720 Common Vulnerability Scoring System: ==================================== 9.5 Introduction: ============= Skype is a proprietary voice-over-Internet Protocol service and software application originally created in 2003 by Swedish entrepreneur Niklas ZennstrÃm and his Danish partner Janus Friis. It has been owned by Microsoft since 2011. The service allows users to communicate with peers by voice, video, and instant messaging over the Internet. Phone calls may be placed to recipients on the traditional telephone networks. Calls to other users within the Skype service are free of charge, while calls to landline telephones and mobile phones are charged via a debit-based user account system. Skype has also become popular for its additional features, including file transfer, and videoconferencing. Competitors include SIP and H.323-based services, such as Linphone, as well as the Google Talk service, Mumble and Hall.com. Skype has 663 million registered users as of September 2011. The network is operated by Microsoft, which has its Skype division headquarters in Luxembourg. Most of the development team and 44% of the overall employees of the division are situated in Tallinn and Tartu, Estonia. Unlike most other VoIP services, Skype is a hybrid peer-to-peer and clientserver system. It makes use of background processing on computers running Skype software. Skype`s original proposed name (Sky Peer-to-Peer) reflects this fact. Some network administrators have banned Skype on corporate, government, home, and education networks, citing reasons such as inappropriate usage of resources, excessive bandwidth usage, and security concerns. (Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skype) Abstract: ========= The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a critical session vulnerability in Microsofts Skype Account Service Application. Report-Timeline: ================ 2012-10-01:Researcher Notification & Coordination (VL - Benjamin Kunz Mejri) 2012-10-11:Vendor Notification (Skype Security) 2012-10-11:Vendor Notification (MSRC) 2012-10-23:Vendor Response/Feedback (MSRC) 2012-11-12:Vendor Fix/Patch *Hotfix (Skype) 2012-11-16:Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory) Status: ======== Published Affected Products: ================== Microsoft Product: Skype Application & Software Account Service 2012 Q3 Exploitation-Technique: ======================= Remote Severity: ========= Critical Details: ======== A critical Password Reset (session) vulnerability is detected in Microsofts Skype WebServer Auth System Application. The vulnerability allows remote attackers without privileged application account to exchange and reset any skype account. The critical application vulnerability is located in the recovery account function of the skype account service application. In the recovery function is an auth request bound to the account session using the json form with jquery and the value of the intercape. The request itself is not sanitized. The value only check if exist and if empty but not validate the context again. The attacker can bypass the token protection via live session tamper to reset any account by exchanging the values local to his own. Exploitation requires `processing to request` via jquery implement JSon form request. Since yet it is only manually possible to exploit the remote vulnerability by using a session tamper tools like tamper data. A remote attacker can, for example bypass the token protection with values like */+[New Account Details] or [New Account Details]+/* to reset random skype application accounts or infiltrate specific choosen account by changing usernames or passwords. Successful exploitation of the critical remote vulnerability result in skype account compromise, skype account infiltration, mail information disclosure or lead to skype user account manipulation. Vulnerable Service(s): [+] Microsoft - Skype Service - https://login.skype.com/ Vulnerable Section(s): [+] Account Application Service - https://login.skype.com/account Vulnerable Module(s): [+] Recovery Function - https://login.skype.com/account/password-automation Vulnerable Module(s): [+] JSon & jquery Proof of Concept: ================= The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attacker without required user inter action. For demonstration or reproduce ... Required for Exploitation: [+] Tamper Data or other live tamper software [+] Web Browser like mozilla firefox, ie9 or chrome [+] A random registered skype user account to get a not expired session Exploitation Techique(s): [+] Bypass the Skype Recovery Page (request tamper) to New Pass or Reset [+] Bypass token protection via not empty value with positiv value(s) to match [+] Hold the request via tamper include own values to setup the new password Next Step(s): [+] Decode captcha & send automatique value(s) -> Account Service (Remote Exploit) Reference(s): [+] https://login.skype.com/account/password-automation Video(PoC Demo): [+] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RPTEaJftNw0 Solution: ========= 2012-11-12:Vendor Fix/Patch (Skype) Risk: ===== The security risk of the remote password and username reset (session) vulnerability is estimated as critical. Credits: ======== Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri ([email protected]) Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Chokri Ben Achour ([email protected]) Disclaimer: =========== The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability-Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability- Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply. 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